Red Wine Ice Cream - Recipe — ICE CREAM SCIENCE (2024)

Red Wine Ice Cream - Recipe — ICE CREAM SCIENCE (1)This red wine ice creamrecipe has a rich red grape flavour that is comparable to the flavour profile of chocolate ice cream. The recipe will be split into three sections: SECTION 1:The Science of Ice Cream Making and Preparation Tips;SECTION 2:Full Recipe; andSECTION 3:Quick-Read Recipe.Please click here to read SECTION 1: TheScience of Ice Cream Making and Preparation Tips. I strongly recommend starting with this section.YOU MIGHT ALSO FIND THE FOLLOWING POSTS HELPFUL:


PREPTIME:About 10 minutes

HEATING TIME:About35 minutes for the ice cream mixAbout 45 minutes for the red wine

INGREDIENTS:CreamFull-fat, semi-skimmed, or skimmed milkUnrefined sugarSkimmed milk powderEgg yolks750 ml bottle of red wine

Produces about 900 ml (0.95 quarts) of ice cream mix and concentrated red wine.


Milk fat contributes significantly to the rich, full, and creamy flavour and to the smooth texture of ice cream (Goff & Hartel, 2013). Not enough milk fat is likely to produce ice cream that is coarse or sandy, whereas too much will likely result in a heavy buttery texture. Aboveisthe spreadsheet I use to calculatemy mixes and I've included itfor you guys to accurately calculate the quantities of milk and cream that you'll need. It'sbased on the mix formulation calculations in [amazon text=Ice Cream (7th ed) (2013)&asin=1461460956] by Goff & Hartel, which I highly recommend reading.

It's important that you check the fat content percentage of the milk and cream that you'll be using.Here in the U.K, our double cream and skimmed milk contain between 47.5% and 50.5% and less than 0.5% of milk fat respectively.You can use full-fat, semi-skimmed, or skimmed milk.

To start, enter the fat percentage of your cream in the yellow Cream Fat %cell located on the top left of the spreadsheet. Do the same for the milk fat percentage in the yellow Milk Fat (%) cell. PRESS ENTER, OR CLICK ON A DIFFERENT CELL, FOR THE SPREADSHEET TO UPDATE.The spreadsheet will then display the quantities of milk, cream, sugar, egg yolks, and skimmed milk powder needed (in grams) in the cells in blue.


Before you start preparing your mix, take a large bowl and fill it with enough ice to make an ice bath. Have a large zip-lock freezer bag ready next to the bowl, along with some table salt. We'll be using thezip lock bag and icebath to ensure that the mix is cooled as quickly as possible after heating. This minimises the time the mix spends in the ‘danger zone’, between 5°C (41°F) and 65°C (149°F), where bacteria likes to multiply.The longer your mix spends in this temperature range, the more bacteria is likely to multiply and impart an undesirable taste and smell.


Weigh your pan and record its weight. We'll use this weight to check whether we've achieved the desired 15% reduction after 25 minutes of heating.

Once you've prepared the ice bath and weighed your pan, add the sugar and skimmed milk powder followed by the egg yolks. Mix the yolks, sugar and skimmed milk powder to help prevent the yolks from curdling during heating.

Add the cream, milk, and sea salt and spend a good minute or so mixing all the ingredients before you switch on the heat.

Over a medium heat, heat the mixture until the temperature reaches 71°C (160°F), making sure that you're constantly stirring. You'll risk burning the milk proteins and curdling the egg yolks if you don't constantly stir the mix.It takes me 10 minutes to get my mix up to 71°C (160°F).

Once the temperature reaches 71°C (160°F), turn the heat down to low, move your pan slightly off the heat, and continue heating and stirring until the temperature reaches 72°C (162°F). Use a foodthermometer to keep your mix at 72°C (162°F) for 25 minutes, adjusting the position of your pan to help regulate the temperature. Don't worry if you go slightly over72°C (162°F);just try and keep the temperature as close to72°C (162°F) as you can.


After 25 minutes of heating at 72°C (162°F), take the pan off the heat and weigh it. If the weight is greater than 850g plus the weight of the pan, place it back on the heat and continue heating for another 2-3 minutes or until you get the weight down to 850g.

Carefully pour the mix into the zip-lock bag and seal. Place the sealed bag in the icebath and pour about a tablespoon of salt onto the ice to lower the temperature and cool the mix faster.

Once the mix has cooled to below 5°C (41°F), place the zip-lock bag in the fridge and leave overnight to age.


We'll be reducingthered wine by 80% to concentrate the flavour, reduce the water content, and reduce the alcohol content, the latter having a significant effectonfreezing point depression and on the hardness of your ice cream.To a large pan, add one 750 ml bottle, about 748g, of red wine. Heat over a medium heat for around 40 minutes, or until you've concentrated the wine down to 150g plus the weight of your pan. You don’t need to stir the wineduring heating.Once you’ve reduced the wine to 150g, carefully pour it into a glass jug or bowl, cover with cling film, and allow to cool. Once the reduced red wine has cooled to room temperature, place it in the fridge and leave overnight.Red Wine Ice Cream - Recipe — ICE CREAM SCIENCE (2) Red Wine Ice Cream - Recipe — ICE CREAM SCIENCE (3)6. CHURNING THE MIX

Once you've aged your mix and red wine overnight, carefully pour the mix into your machine followed by the red wine.

TIP#1 -FREEZER BOWL WALL TEMPERATUREIf you're using an ice creammachine with an in-built compressor, with the bowl in the machine, switch on the compressor and leave it running for 15 minutes before adding the mix. This will ensure that the freezer bowl is as cold as possible when the mix is added, which increases the rate of nucleation and reduces residence time.

TIP#2 -EFFICIENT HEAT TRANSFERIf you’re using theCuisinart ICE 30BC, use your thumb to push the dasher against the side of the bowl as soon as you pour in the mix. This will ensure that the dasher scrapes off the layer of ice that freezes to the side of the bowl.Any ice that is frozen to the side of the bowl will act as an insulator, slowing the release of heat from the ice cream to the bowl and increasing the residence time. Goff & Hartel (2013) note that even a very thin layer of ice remaining on the bowl wall can cause a dramatic reduction in heat transfer.

Use a spoon to push along any static lumps of ice cream and ensure that the mix is constantly moving whilst in the machine. Static lumps will likely take longer to freeze, resulting in greater ice crystal growth.


Your ice cream will be ready when it develops a nice dry, stiff texture, and starts forming ribbon-like swirls. It should have a draw temperature (the temperature at which the partially frozen ice cream is removed from the machine) of between -9°C and -12°C (15.8°F and 10.4°F) with a lower draw temperature usually resulting in smaller ice crystals (Arbuckle, 1986).

Below are the residence times and draw temperatures for the domestic machines I've tried:

  • [amazon text=Lello Musso Pola 5030 Dessert Maker&asin=B000FIWZLO&asin[ca]=B000FIWZLO&asin[uk]=B004S7BHE4&asin[de]=B004S7BHE4&asin[fr]=B004S7BHE4&asin[it]=B004S7BHE4]: 900 ml (0.95 quarts) mix – 13 minutes, -11°C (12.2°F).
  • [amazon text=Lello 4080 Musso Lussino 1.5-Quart Ice Cream Maker&asin=B00004RDF0&asin[ca]=B00004RDF0&asin[uk]=B00004RDF0&asin[de]=B00004RDF0&asin[it]=B00004RDF0&asin[es]=B00004RDF0&asin[fr]=B00004RDF0]: 600 ml (0.63 quarts) - 16 minutes, -11°C (12.2°F).
  • [amazon text=Cuisinart ICE-100 Ice Cream and Gelato Maker&asin=B006UKLUFS&asin[uk]=B00ARETWDK&asin[de]=B00ARETWDK&asin[fr]=B00EDOVBP2&asin[es]=B00EDOVBP2&asin[it]=B00ARETWDK&asin[ca]=B006UKLUFS]: 900 ml (0.95 quarts) mix – 35 minutes, -10°C (14°F).
  • [amazon text=Breville BCI600XL Smart Scoop Ice Cream Maker&asin=B009OZ62IG&asin[ca]=B009OZ62IG&asin[uk]=B00CI32S0W&asin[de]=B00HFQDG5I&]: 700 ml (0.74 quarts) - 34 minutes, -9°C (15.8°F).
  • [amazon text=Whynter ICM-200LS&asin=B00N63J432]: 900 ml (0.95 quarts) mix - 28 minutes,-10°C (14°F).
  • [amazon text=Cuisinart ICE 30-BC&asin=B0006ONQOC&asin[uk]=B001D650FA&asin[de]=B002007HQI&asin[fr]=B002007HQI&asin[es]=B002007HQI&asin[it]=B002007HQI&asin[ca]=B0006ONQOC]: 900 ml (0.95 quarts) mix – 34 minutes, -11°C (12.2°F).


The extraction time (the time it takes to get your partially frozenice cream out of your machine and into the freezer) has a considerable effect on ice crystal size.This is because as you extract your ice cream from the bowl and into a plastic container, it spends time at room temperature. At this relatively warm room temperature, some of the ice melts from the large ice crystals and the crystals that were initially small melt completely. When you then get your ice cream into your freezer for the static freezing stage, the melted ice re-freezes onto the large ice crystals that survived. The result is that the total number of ice crystals is reduced and their size increases, resulting incoarse or grainy texture.

TIP#3 - QUICK EXTRACTIONJust holding ice cream at a relatively warm room temperature as you extract it from your machine results in an increase in mean ice crystal size and a decrease in the number of ice crystals present.It's therefore important that you extract the ice cream from the freezer bowl and get it into your freezer as quickly as possible.


At a draw temperature of between-9°C and -12°C (15.8°F and 10.4°F), your ice cream will have a consistency very similar to that of soft serve ice cream and will need to be placed in your freezer to harden. After about 4 hours, depending on your freezer, your ice cream will have a nice firm scoopable consistency, somewhere around -15°C (5°F), and be ready to serve.


Serve your ice cream at around -15°C (5°F). As the serving temperature is increased from -14.4 (6.1) to -7.8°C (18°F), flavour and sweetness become more pronounced.

If you do give the recipe a go, I'd love to hear your thoughts so please do get in touch. Please help other chefs by using the stars at the top of the page to rate the recipe and please spread the love on facebook with the buttons below. Ruben :)


  1. Fill a large bowl with some ice. Place some table salt and a zip-lock bag next to the bowl ready for later.
  2. Combine the sugar, skimmed milk powder, egg yolks, cream, and milk, in a large pan. Heat over a medium heat until the temperature reaches 71°C (160°F), making sure you're constantly stirring.
  3. When the mix reaches 71°C (160°F), quickly turn the heat down to low and position your pan slightly off the heat. Continue heating and stirring until the temperature reaches 72°C (162°F).
  4. Once the mix reaches 72°C (162°F), continue heating for 25 minutes whilst constantly stirring.Keep the temperature as close to72°C (162°F) as you can throughout this 25 minute heating period.
  5. After 25 minutes of heating, carefully pour the mix into the zip lock bag. Place the bag in the large bowl and pour about a tablespoon of salt over the ice.
  6. Once the mix has cooled to below5°C (41°F), place in the fridge to age overnight.
  7. Pour 750ml (748g) of red wine into a large pan and heat over a medium heat until you have reduced the wine to 150g plus the weight of your pan. This will take around 40 minutes depending on the size of the pan. You don’t have to stir the wine during heating.
  8. Once you've reduced the wine to 150g, pour it into a glass jug or bowl, cover with cling film, and leave to cool. When the concentrated wine has cooled to room temperature, place in the fridge to age overnight.
  9. The next day, pour the mix into your ice cream machine followed by the concentrated red wine.
  10. After about 30 minutes of churning, depending on your machine, quickly empty the ice cream into a plastic container and place in the freezer for about 4 hours to harden.
  11. After about 4 hours, your ice cream will have a nice firm consistency and will be ready to serve.


Arbuckle, W.S., 1986.Ice Cream (4th ed). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Ben-Yoseph E., and Hartel, R. W., 1998. Computer simulation of ice recrystallization in ice cream during storage. Journal of Food Engineering 38(3):309–29.

Cook, K. L. K., & Hartel, R. W., 2010. Mechanisms of Ice Crystallisation in Ice Cream Production. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety. 9 (2).

Damodaran, S., 1996. Functional properties. In: Nakai, S., Modler, H.W. (Eds.), Food Proteins – Properties and Characterization. VCH Publisher, New York, pp. 167–234.

Donhowe, D. P., Hartel R. W., and Bradley R.L., 1991. Determination of ice crystal size distributions in frozen desserts. Journal of Dairy Science. 74.

Donhowe, D. P., 1993.Ice Recrystallization in Ice Cream and Ice Milk. PhD thesis, University of Wisconsm-Madison.

Donhowe, D. P., and Hartel, R. W., 1996. Recrystallization of ice in ice cream during controlled accelerated storage. International Dairy Journal. 6.

Drewett, E. M. & Hartel, R. W., 2007.Ice Crystallization in a Scraped Surface Freezer. Journal of Food Engineering. 78(3). 1060-1066

Flores, A. A., & Goff, H. D., 1999.Ice Crystal Size distribution in Dynamically Frozen Model Solutions and Ice Cream as Affected by Stabilzers. Journal of Dairy Science.Volume 82. 7. 1399–1407

Goff, H. D., 2012. Finding Science in Ice Cream. Presentation - Royal Canadian Institute for the Advancement of Science.

Goff, H. D. and Hartel R. W., 2013.Ice Cream. Seventh Edition. New York Springer.

Monahan, F. J., McClements, D. J. & Kinsella, J. E., 1993.Polymerization of whey proteins in whey protein-stabilized emulsions. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 41.1826–1829.

Phillips, L. G., Schulman, W. and Kinsella, J. E., 1990.pH and heat treatment effects on foaming of whey protein isolate. Journal of Food Science. 55:1116–1119.

Russell, A. B., Cheney, P. E., & Wantling, S. D., 1999. Influence of freezing conditions on ice crystallisation in ice cream. Journal of Food Engineering. 29.

Sava, N., Rotaru, G. & Hendrickx, M., 2005.Heat-induced changes in solubility and surface hydrophobicity ofβ-Lactoglobulin.Agroalimentary Processes and Technologies. Volume 11. 1. 41-48.

Red Wine Ice Cream - Recipe — ICE CREAM SCIENCE (2024)


What is the science behind homemade ice cream? ›

In creating your ice cream you also made an emulsion. Emulsions are the combination of two liquids that normally do not mix well like fats and water. In your ice cream the fat molecules in the cream are perfectly mixed with water, ice crystals, sugar, and small pockets of air to form a delicious cold treat.

What is the science behind the ice cream in a bag experiment? ›

Add salt and the freezing point drops by a few degrees. When you add salt to the ice in the outer bag, the ice (at 0°C) is now above its freezing point – so it begins to melt. Melting requires energy, and in this case that energy comes from the flavoured milk mixture in the inner bag.

What ice cream goes well with red wine? ›

Chocolate. Rich, smooth chocolate ice cream pairs well with the fresh berry notes in red wine. Your best bet is to go with a slightly sweet wine like Brachetto d'Acqui, a semi-sparkling red wine from Italy with notes of strawberry, black currant, and cream. You could also go with a Zinfandel with bold dark fruit notes.

Does wine and ice cream mix? ›

Step up your co*cktail game with this unlikely combination that is not only completely delicious, but also gorgeous. Two of your favorites--red wine and ice cream--are combined to make a fun, fruity dessert co*cktail.

What kind of science is making ice cream? ›

Looking at these base components highlights what is truly fascinating with making ice cream: It is mainly a matter of making a successful emulsion – the process of combining different substances which under normal circ*mstances would separate from each other (like oil and vinegar) and instead turn them into a smooth, ...

Does sugar make ice cream freeze faster? ›

Sugar affects the texture by enhancing creaminess and controlling hardness levels. Too much sugar in a recipe can prevent your ice cream from freezing, and too little sugar in ice cream can make it hard. Air keeps ice cream soft and scoopable.

What makes ice cream not freeze solid? ›

The presence of sugars in the water lowers the mixture's freezing temperature to below 0°C. Here's why that's important. As ice crystals start to form, the concentration of sugars and other dissolved materials in the unfrozen liquid increases, which further lowers its freezing point.

Who invented ice cream? ›

The emperors of the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907 AD) are believed to have been the first to eat “a frozen milk-like confection.” This version was made with cow, goat or buffalo milk that was heated with flour. Camphor, an aromatic substance harvested from evergreen trees, was added to enhance the texture and flavor.

Why does salt make ice cream freeze faster? ›

The baggies with the most salt should freeze first while the bags containing decreasing amounts of salt take longer. The greater the salt content, the lower the freezing point of the water. At the same time, dissolving salt in the liquid water causes the water temperature to drop, generating ice cream quicker.

What not to mix with red wine? ›

6 Foods That Don't Pair With Wine
  • Chocolate. Why It Doesn't Work. ...
  • Brussel Sprouts. Why It Doesn't Work. ...
  • Asparagus. Why It Doesn't Work. ...
  • Blue Cheese. Why It Doesn't Work. ...
  • Sushi. Why It Doesn't Work. ...
  • Soy Sauce. Why It Doesn't Work.

Does red wine go with ice cream? ›

Yes, you can pair wine with ice cream and when done right, it is one amazing treat. Keep in mind that whenever you pair wine with any dessert, the wine should always be a little sweeter. But don't worry, we have you covered with some yummy wine and ice cream pairings to enjoy this summer.

What is the difference between ice wine and red wine? ›

Unlike traditional winemaking, ice wine grapes are left to freeze on the vine, creating a concentrated and intense flavor that is highly sought after by wine enthusiasts. This is due to the fact that a grape berry contains approximately 80% water, which is retained as shards of ice when the frozen berries are pressed.

What alcohol is best with ice cream? ›

Vodka goes well with ice cream, and you'll find recipes with rum, brandy, and a variety of flavorful liqueurs. Many of these alcoholic ice cream drinks are blended with fruits or chocolate, while others are spiked soda floats or sweet martinis. They're all fun to make and utterly delicious.

How much alcohol is in wine ice cream? ›

A US based dairy company, Mercer's Dairy, has been around for decades, but in 2006 they launched what may be the world's ultimate frozen treat – wine ice cream. This isn't wine-flavored ice cream either. We're talking about actual wine-infused ice cream that clocks in at 5% alcohol-by-volume.

Does alcohol make ice cream colder? ›

Alcohol lowers the freezing point, so ice creams stay creamier and smoother because they do not freeze as solid and are less likely to form ice crystals.

Is making homemade ice cream a chemical or physical change? ›

When making ice cream, you're using physical changes. You mix and dissolve the sugar into the milk, but this doesn't change the chemical structure of the milk and you could remove the sugar is you tried.

Is making homemade ice cream a chemical change? ›

Physical change: A change in which only the physical properties of any substance get changed is called a physical change. During a physical change, no new substance is formed. Making ice cream is a physical change because no chemical properties are altered.

What is the science behind ice cream melting? ›

TL;DR. Ice cream contains tiny ice crystals that are surrounded by air cells and fat globules. As temperatures rise, these ice crystals melt and the structure is destabilized, which we call melting. The warmer the temperature, the more quickly the ice crystals melt, and the more melting we see.

Why is homemade ice cream so much better? ›

Without the addition of artificial ingredients, homemade ice cream tastes extra delicious, and its texture is extremely creamy and soft. Most homemade ice cream recipes also can use more milk and egg yolks than those in the frozen aisle which means more richness, and in turn, better ice cream.

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